What is OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric condition that causes people to experience intrusive and uncontrollable thoughts or obsessions, leading to repetitive behaviors or compulsions. OCD affects around 2% of the population and can have significant psychological and physical effects.

Symptoms can range from mild to severe, and treatments may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, medications, and other forms of psychotherapy. With the proper treatment, it is possible to manage the symptoms of OCD and live a whole and productive life.

Symptoms of OCD


Obsessions in OCD are recurrent, persistent, and intrusive thoughts, images, or urges that cause intense anxiety and distress. They can be about anything from contamination fears to worries about harm coming to yourself or others. Obsessions can be so distressing that they disrupt daily life, making it difficult to work, socialize or even have relationships. People with OCD often feel like they are losing control because the unwanted thoughts and images can be hard to stop.


Compulsions in OCD can involve many repetitive behaviors, such as counting, repeating words or phrases, washing, and checking. Compulsions are often used to alleviate the anxiety caused by intrusive thoughts and can be described as a way of reducing uncertainty or preventing something terrible from happening. People with OCD may feel like they have to perform these compulsions in order to ‘right’ a wrong or fix something that has gone wrong.

How to Treat OCD

One may feel ashamed about OCD, but with proper treatment, OCD can be set right.


OCD Outpatient Treatment Program is based on therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most commonly used psychotherapy for treating OCD. This therapy focuses on identifying and changing maladaptive behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that lead to obsessive-compulsive behavior. 

During CBT, a person learns how to recognize their triggers and replace their negative thought patterns with positive, helpful ones. Through this process, people with OCD can develop healthier coping skills, and improve their relationships and overall quality of life. 


Exposure-response prevention (ERP) is another form of psychotherapy used to treat OCD. This therapy involves gradually and repeatedly confronting situations that trigger anxiety and fear while avoiding engaging in the compulsive behaviors associated with those feelings. 

By repeatedly exposing a person to anxiety-provoking situations and not providing the comfort of engaging in compulsive behaviors, ERP helps them learn how to manage their anxiety and fears without relying on compulsive behaviors. Ultimately, psychotherapy for OCD can help a person develop healthier ways of thinking and responding to situations, leading to improved mental health.


Medications are the cornerstone of treatment for OCD and can help reduce symptoms in more than half of those who have it. The most commonly prescribed medications for OCD are antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). 

Other medications that may be prescribed include tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and atypical antipsychotics. While medications can be an effective treatment for OCD, it is vital to keep in mind that they take time to work, and the side effects can be challenging to manage.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here